Team-Building vs. Team-Busting: How to Encourage Cooperative Behavior

Team-Building vs. Team-Busting: How to Encourage Cooperative Behavior

If you’re a coach or athlete who plays with a team then you’ve got a whole set of communication challenges that aren’t present when the focus is on one individual athlete.

There is a unique tactical complexity and social dynamics to consider, but there is also opportunity for great synergy, the kind that you can only get when the whole becomes greater than the sum of its parts.

In any team sport the best team isn’t the one that always emerges victorious. You can have more strength, speed, talent, and skills on your team yet consistently lose.

Success usually goes to the team that plays the best TOGETHER.

It’s important to understand that not only is the team’s performance as a whole affected by how well the players get along and work with each other, but each of your athlete’s individual performance during the game is directly affected by the quality of their team experience. That is, if a player feels supported by his/her teammates and accepted as part of the group they will be far more likely to excel during a game. However, if he/she feels either scapegoated or ostracized by fellow teammates, or doesn’t feel safe, accepted, or relevant on the team, then that athlete’s self-esteem, confidence, and performance in practice and during games will suffer, in turn also affecting the entire team in a negative way.

 

A great team is NOT a bunch of all-stars, it is a collection of athletes who all have different skills and abilities that complement each other and each play a vital role in elevating the collective efforts of the group as a whole.

 

Synergy is a powerful force, and it’s what happens when every player feels motivated, supported, and valued.

If you’re a coach, your job is to embody teamwork behavior and make it very clear that you expect every player to do the same.

 

 

Here are some examples of team-building behavior: 

  • Encouraging/supporting teammates
  • Having a positive attitude
  • Putting your needs second to the teams’ needs
  • Accepting your stated role on the team
  • Cheering for teammates when they succeed
  • Including all teammates in off-field social activities
  • Being sensitive to the feelings of others
  • Working your hardest in practices and games
  • Taking responsibility for your mistakes
  • Sticking up for teammates when wrongly accused
  • Being a positive team leader/role model
  • Dealing with conflict directly
  • Respecting each other’s differences
  • Keeping the game in perspective
  • Providing positive as well as honest feedback
  • Challenging each other to strive for excellence
  • Stepping up when the team needs internal leadership

 

On the other hand, here are some examples of team-busting behavior:

  • Back-stabbing
  • Petty jealousy
  • Having a bad attitude
  • Complaining
  • Blaming others
  • Elevating “me” over “we”
  • Yelling at or criticizing teammates
  • Being overly competitive
  • Ostracizing or humiliating certain teammates
  • Having a “super ego” on or off the field
  • Being oblivious to the feelings of teammates
  • Cutting corners in practices or games
  • Acting angry or childish when you don’t get your way
  • Telling the coach that you deserve more playing time than other teammates
  • Being untrustworthy
  • Creating conflicts and “drama”
  • Being irresponsible and a bad influence
  • Being negative when the team loses or has setbacks

It is absolutely CRITICAL that a coach addresses any team-busting behavior right away and makes it clear that bad behavior will be called out as inappropriate. It is equally important to recognize and celebrate team-building behavior, especially when it is spontaneous and genuine, to reinforce this as a long-term strategy. The more cooperation and synergy your team has, and the less resentment and negativity, the more likely you are to all perform better as athletes and to have more WINS as a team!